Metacognition (Flavell)

Metacognition is defined in simplest terms as “thinking about your own thinking.” The root “meta” means “beyond,” so the term refers to “beyond thinking.” Specifically, this means that it encompasses the processes of planning, tracking, and assessing your own understanding or performance. The phrase was termed by American developmental psychologist John H. Flavell in 1979, [...]

E-Learning Theory (Mayer, Sweller, Moreno)

E-learning theory consists of cognitive science principles that describe how electronic educational technology can be used and designed to promote effective learning. Contents Contributors History Key Concepts Resources and References Contributors Richard E. Mayer Roxana Moreno John Sweller History The researchers started from an understanding of cognitive load theory to establish the set of principles [...]

Information Processing Theory

Information processing theory discusses the mechanisms through which learning occurs. Specifically, it focuses on aspects of memory encoding and retrieval. Contents Contributors Key Concepts Resources and References Contributors George A. Miller (1920-2012) Atkinson and Shriffin (1968) Craik and Lockhart (1972) Bransford (1979) Rumelhart and McClelland (1986) Key Concepts The basic idea of Information processing theory [...]


The cognitivist paradigm essentially argues that the “black box” of the mind should be opened and understood. The learner is viewed as an information processor (like a computer). Contents Contributors Key Concepts Resources and References Contributors Marriner David Merill (1937 - ) Charles Reigeluth (1946 - ) Robert Mills Gagné (1916 – 2002) Jerome Bruner [...]