Summary: Online collaborative learning theory, or OCL, is a form of constructivist teaching that takes the form of instructor-led group learning online. In OCL, students are encouraged to collaboratively solve problems through discourse instead of memorizing correct answers. The teacher plays a crucial role as a facilitator as well as a member of the knowledge community under study.
Originators and Key Contributors:
Linda Harasim, professor at the School of Communication at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, developed online collaborative learning theory (OCL) in 2012from a theory originally called computer-mediated communication (CMC), or networked learning.
Keywords: collaborative learning, internet, virtual classroom, e-learning, discourse, constructivism