Summary: Carol Dweck and others have Identified two implicit theories of intelligence.  Those learners who have an “entity” theory view intelligence as being an unchangeable, fixed internal characteristic.  Those who have an “incremental” theory believe that their intelligence is malleable and can be increased through effort.

Originators: Carol Dweck, based on over 30 years of research on belief systems, and their role in motivation and achievement.  Discussed in her book Self-Theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality, and Development (1999).

Key Terms: entity theory, incremental theory

This is only a partial preview of the full article. Complete access is for Lite Access and Premium members only.
You can access all article summaries for as low as 99 cents per month (Lite memberships) or unlock all content
plus ALL future updates for $9.95 a month (30 day risk-free trial)! You can cancel anytime. is an easy way to understand challenging concepts!
Log In Unlock Access Now!
To cite this article, use the following format:
Self-Theories (Dweck). In Learning Theories. Retrieved from URL: