Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth)

Summary: Elaboration theory is an instructional design theory that argues that content to be learned should be organized from simple to complex order, while providing a meaningful context in which subsequent ideas can be integrated. Originators: Charles Reigeluth (Indiana University) and his colleagues in the late 1970s. Key Terms: conceptual elaboration sequence, theoretical elaboration sequence, simplifying conditions sequence Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth) The paradigm shift from teacher-centric instruction to learner-centered instruction has caused “new needs for ways to sequence...

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ADDIE Model

Summary: The ADDIE model is a systematic instructional design model consisting of five phases: (1) Analysis, (2) Design, (3) Development, (4) Implementation, and (5) Evaluation. Various flavors and versions of the ADDIE model exist. Originator: Unknown.  Refined by Dick and Carey and others. Key terms: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation  ADDIE Model The generic term for the five-phase instructional design model consisting of Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation.  Each step has an outcome that feeds into the next step in the sequence.  There...

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ARCS Model of Motivational Design (Keller)

Summary: According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design, there are four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process: Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction (ARCS). Originator: John Keller Key terms: Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction (ARCS) ARCS Model of Motivational Design (Keller) 1. Attention Keller attention can be gained in two ways: (1) Perceptual arousal – uses surprise or uncertainly to gain interest. Uses novel, surprising, incongruous, and uncertain events; or (2) Inquiry arousal – stimulates curiosity by...

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