Posts filed under: Design Theories & Models

Gamification in Education

Summary: Gamification describes the process of applying game-related principles — particularly those relating to user experience and engagement — to non-game contexts such as education. Originators and Key Contributors: In 1980, Thomas Malone published the study “What Makes Things to Learn:...
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Learner-centered design

Summary: Learner centered design focuses on creating software for heterogeneous groups of learners who need scaffolding as they learn while completing constructivist activities. Originators and Key Contributors: Elliot Soloway, Mark Guzdian, Kenneth E. Hay Keywords: constructivism, learner-centered design, learners, scaffolding, software Learner-centered Design Learner-centered...
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Multimodality (Kress)

Summary: Multimodality is a theory which looks at how people communicate and interact with each other, not just through writing (which is one mode) but also through speaking, gesture, gaze, and visual forms (which are many modes). Originators & Proponents:...
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Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth)

Summary: Elaboration theory is an instructional design theory that argues that content to be learned should be organized from simple to complex order, while providing a meaningful context in which subsequent ideas can be integrated. Originators: Charles Reigeluth (Indiana University) and...
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ARCS Model of Motivational Design (Keller)

Summary: According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design, there are four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process: Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction (ARCS). Originator: John Keller Key terms: Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction (ARCS)...
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ADDIE Model

Summary: The ADDIE model is a systematic instructional design model consisting of five phases: (1) Analysis, (2) Design, (3) Development, (4) Implementation, and (5) Evaluation. Various flavors and versions of the ADDIE model exist. Originator: Unknown.  Refined by Dick and...
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